【易混淆字】同樣都是笑,laugh跟giggle哪裡不一樣?帶你解析各種哭笑單字之間的差異!

說到「笑」,你腦海中想到哪些英文單字呢?可別以為只有laugh跟smile,

事實上在英文中依照笑的程度會用不同的單字呈現,

至於「哭」也一樣有單字上的差異,今天就讓小編為大家做解析吧!

 

1.beam (v.) (帶著喜悅)大大地微笑

<例句>

She beamed at the photographer .

她對攝影師露出大大地微笑。

2.grin (v.) 咧嘴笑

運用較多臉部肌肉,露出牙齒,會笑到眼睛快瞇起來

<例句>

Receiving the bicycle from his father, he grinned from ear to ear.

 收到爸爸送的腳踏車,他笑得合不攏嘴。

【補充】

grin from ear to ear 指嘴巴笑得很開,嘴巴開得像從一邊的耳朵到另一邊耳朵一樣。

 

3.chuckle (v.) 暗笑;竊笑

<例句>

Whenever Jane sees the letter, she couldn’t stop chuckling.

每當Jane看到這封信,她總忍不住偷笑。

 

4.giggle (v.) 咯咯地笑

想壓抑住笑聲卻反而更大聲,斷斷續續地笑

<例句>

When she suddenly started to imitate her teacher’s voice, we all looked at each other and started to giggle.

在她突然模仿起老師的聲音時,我們互看對方並開始大笑。

 

5.cackle (v.) 嘎嘎地笑

發出高分貝且尖銳的笑聲

<例句>

She often cackles out of a sudden and scares people around her.

她時常沒來由地笑,還因此嚇到身旁的人。

 

6.mock/ridicule (v.) 嘲笑

<例句>

Stop mocking him! You have gone too far!

不要再嘲笑他了!你們這樣太過分了!

 

7.snicker (v.) 偷笑

<例句>

The audience tried to keep from snickering, but failed.

觀眾們試圖不要偷笑,但還是破功了。

 

9.guffaw (v.) 狂笑

瘋狂地笑,還會伴隨著身體劇烈晃動

<例句>

Every student guffawed as they heard the funny joke.

聽到笑話時,每個學生都在狂笑。

 

10.smirk (v.) 得意地笑

<例句>

Jack smirked as they announced the winner.

在公布得勝者名單時,Jack得意地笑了。

 

11.laugh (v.) 大笑

<例句>

Please don’t laugh. I am serious.

拜託不要笑,我是認真的。

 

12.smile (v.) 微笑

<例句>

She smiled when seeing her crush waving at her.

看到暗戀對象對她揮手,她露出微笑。

           

 

1.cry (v.) 大哭

<例句>

Amy is a sentimental girl, it’s easy to make her cry.

Amy是個多愁善感的女孩,要讓她哭是一件容易的事。

 

2.weep (v.) 哭;流淚

<例句>

She wept with joy when she got a call from her missing son.

當她接到走失兒子的電話,她落下喜悅的眼淚。

 

3.sob (v.) 啜泣

<例句>

She sobbed uncontrollably when knowing her boyfriend cheated on her.

知道自己的男友劈腿後,她哭得不能自已。

 

4.wail (v.) 嚎啕大哭

<例句>

The baby wailed as his mother left.

媽媽一離開,小嬰兒就嚎啕大哭。

 

5.whimper (v.) 嗚咽;低鳴

製造一連串微弱的聲響來表示痛苦或不開心

<例句>

The starved dog whimpered pathetically.

那隻飢腸轆轆的狗令人同情地嗚咽著。

 

6.blubber (v.) 像小孩一樣哭鬧

<例句>

You are not a child anymore. Don’t expect to gain anything by blubbering.

你已經不是小孩了,不要期望用哭鬧來得到任何東西。

 

看完今天的單字之後,對英文的哭與笑是不是更加了解了呢?學會這些單字,

不僅在看文章時可以更了解作者選字的用意,自己寫作時也能避免重複用字,更能營造文章的多層次性!

如果對本次主題還有任何疑問,都歡迎詢問Engoo老師,現在加入會員,還有免費兩堂試用課程喔!

 

文/ Debbie Chang

參考資料

15 Different Ways To Describe Laughter. [online] Laughter Online University. Available at: https://www.laughteronlineuniversity.com/15-different-ways-describe-laughter/ [Accessed 26 May 2018].

 

9 Types Of Tears. [online] Available at: https://www.theodysseyonline.com/nine-types-of-tears [Accessed 26 May 2018].

 

acts About Different Types Of Crying. [online] Rebelcircus.com. Available at: https://www.rebelcircus.com/blog/different-types-crying/4/ [Accessed 26 May 2018].