【用英文怎麼說】前天、後天、大後天?常用時間點英文這樣說!

 

時間介係詞有at,on,in,你知道他們分別用在什麼情況嗎?

先來試試下面這組題目吧!!

 

  1. I went to church  __ the morning.

  2. I went to church  __ Sunday morning.

 

答案分別是 :(1) in (2) on

一樣是早上,為什麼介係詞會不同呢?

讓小編來告訴你吧!!

 

首先,時間介係詞的用法大致差別在於:

at ,on ,in 表達的時間範圍就像是座金字塔,

最頂端的 at 表達的時間範圍最小而精確,如:at 5:00、at midnight;

中間的 on 則常用在時間範圍中等的日期、星期上,如:on Monday、on January 5th
、on the weekend;

最下層的 in 時間範圍最廣,表達一段較長且不特定的時間,從季節、月份、

年份、世紀都是 in 表示,如:in winter、in July、in 2005、in the Middle Ages。

 

常見的用法分別有:

 

at + 準確、特定的時間

 

at 5:00

at noon

at noon yesterday

at night

at midnight

at breakfast time/lunchtime/teatime/dinnertime

at the same time

 

on +特定的日期、星期

 

on Monday

on Tuesday morning

on Wednesday evening

on Thursday night

on January 5th

on your birthday

on their anniversary

on Christmas Day

on the weekend

 

in + 世紀、年份、月份、季節、一段較長且不特定的時間

 

in the Middle Ages

in the 1700s

in 2005

in the spring/summer/fall/winter

in July

in March, 2018

in the morning

in the afternoon

in the evening

in the past

in the future

 

看完上面的用法整理後,有沒有發現一個特別的地方?

為什麼 in the morning、in the afternoon、in the evening 這三個時段是用 in ,

而 at night、at midnight 卻是用 at 呢?

 

night的用法比較特殊,大致可以如此區分:

 

  1. at night

在語意的表達上接近 in the morning 的用法,是指「在晚上」的意思。

Annie often stays up at night because of her heavy workload.

Annie晚上常常因為沉重的工作量熬夜。

 

  1. on the night

on the night表示某一個具體日期的夜晚,早上、下午、傍晚都有此用法,

因此在使用上常見 on the morning/afternoon/evening/night of + 具體日期。

雖然以介係詞 on 來表達更為常見,但在這個用法上仍是有人使用 in 來表示。

John had a date with his girlfriend on the night of the Valentine's Day.

John和他女友在情人節的夜晚有場約會。

 

  1. in the night

in the night表示的是「這天夜裡」,和 in the day time 是相對的。

My grandparents visited us yesterday and in the night we ate out.

我的祖父母昨天來拜訪我們, 然後這天晚上我們一起去外面吃。

 

另外,on/at Christmas和on/at the weekend都有人使用,可以根據個人使用習慣做選擇。

其他時間表示法,以九月為例,若9/12為今天:

 

1.   前天、昨天、今天、明天、後天分別是:

 

the day before yesterday 前天

two days before yesterday 大前天

yesterday 昨天

today 今天

tomorrow 明天

the day after tomorrow 後天

two days after tomorrow 大後天

 

2.   9/6~9/11已經過去了,所以可以說是” last ____” 或是”this past ____”,

而9/13~9/18是即將到來的一周,所以可以”this ____”或”this coming ____”表示,

例如:

 

9/6:last Thursday / the past Thursday     

9/11:last Tuesday / the past Tuesday

9/13:this Thursday / the coming Thursday

9/16:this Sunday / the coming Sunday

 

都學會這些用法了嗎?試著翻譯這兩句內容吧!

 

  1. 爸爸上週二休假。白天我們一起去迪士尼,並決定晚上住在那裡。

  2. 別忘記大後天要早點回家,我們那天傍晚要一起慶祝Tina的生日。

 

都翻出來了嗎?參考答案在這裡:

 

  1. Father had a vacation last Tuesday. We went to Disneyland in the day time, and decided to live there in the night.

  2. Don’t forget to come home earlier two days after tomorrow, we will celebrate Tina’s birthday together on(in) the evening of that day.

 

如果都學會這些”時間”表達用法了,
不妨嘗試直接用在對話中,
線上和Engoo老師分享最近發生什麼有趣的事吧!
現在報名還可以享有兩堂免費課程,心動不如馬上行動!

 

 

參考資料:

LanguageLearningBase.IN, ON and AT in expressions of time. [Online]. [Accessed September, 3,2018] Available from: https://languagelearningbase.com/86825/in-on-and-at-in-expressions-of-time
engVid.50+ Expressions using AT, ON, and IN (Prepositions of Time). [Online]. [Accessed September, 3,2018] Available from:
https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-expressions-using-at-on-and-in-prepositions-of-time/
engVid.Using AT, IN THE, AGO, and more words to talk about time. [Online]. [Accessed September, 3,2018] Available from:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rBkc_H3puto
YAHOO!知識+.In the night還是 on the night差別?. [Online]. [Accessed September, 13,2018] Available from:
https://tw.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20110117000015KK02176