【英文作文】英文作文必備 常用連接詞總整理Part 1 | Engoo《線上英文家教》便宜一對一外籍老師英語口說課!免費試聽、教材下載

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2018年
07月
20日
【英文作文】英文作文必備 常用連接詞總整理Part 1

  • 作者:
  • 洪婕穎
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多數人在面對英文寫作時,應該都十分頭痛吧!不知道如何下筆、開頭、收尾。

不論是準備學測、指考、托福甚至在職場,我們都有越來越多需要透過英文表達自己意見的機會。

 

首先,小編要先澄清一個觀念,一篇好的文章,絕對不是「使用艱澀、生硬的字彙、構句複雜、長篇大論」。

想要寫出一篇優秀的英文作文,不外乎是文章脈絡清晰、用字精確(但是這不代表要用生硬的單字!)。

 

首先,就來解決邏輯性的問題吧!妥善使用連接詞能夠讓文章內容前後呼應、條理分明,

讀者也會比較容易瞭解你想表達的意思。話不多說,趕緊進入主題吧!

 

Addition 此外

用途:多置於句首,補充更多想法或內容,或接續前面講的內容再多做說明。

 

Furthermore/Moreover/Also/Even more/Further/On top of that/Besides/What’s worse(負面),

[例句]

That woman looks really pretty. Furthermore, she has a kind heart.

那個女人除了長得很漂亮之外,還擁有一顆善良的心。

Andy was dumped by his girlfriend recently. What’s worse, he was laid off by his employer.

Andy最近被他女友給甩了。更糟的是,他還被老闆炒魷魚。

 

Additionally, / In addition, + 子句

In addition to +名詞(n.)或動名詞(Ving)

[例句]

I like to eat cakes. Additionally, I enjoy having ice cream as well.

= In addtion to cakeas, I enjoy ice cream as well.

除了蛋糕之外,我也喜歡吃冰淇淋。

 

First (of all)/Firstly/Second/Secondly/In the second place/Next

[例句]

Firstly, it is my pleasure to have an opportunity to have an interview with you.

Secondly, I would like to know if you have reached the decision of the position of the internship.

首先,與您面試是我的榮幸。再來,我希望知道您是否已經決定此實習職缺的人選。

 

Again

[例句]

Again, I like to put emphasis on this issue.

我想要再次強調這個議題。

 

Contrast 對照、對比

用途:描述兩相異的觀念及想法

尤其適用於各類考試中,當題目希望你發表個人意見時,

我們又不希望全然偏頗某個論點時,可以運用下列連接詞來帶出相異的想法。

 

Yet/However/Nevertheless/Nonetheless 然而

[例句]

She burned the midnight oil yesterday to study for the midterm exam. Yet, she still failed the test.

儘管她昨晚挑燈夜戰複習這次的期中考。她還是考得不好。

 

Otherwise, 否則(不然的話)

[例句]

You should devote yourself more to preparing for the final.

Otherwise, it is very likely that you will flunk this subject.

你必須投入更多心力準備期末,否則,你這個科目很可能會被當。

 

After all, 畢竟

[例句]

Be nice to your sister. After all, she is older than you.

對你的姐姐好一點。畢竟她比你年長。

 

On the contrary, / In contrast, 相反地

[例句]

Teacher John is really patient to his students. On the contrary, teacher Jenny does not pay much attention on her class.

John老師對他的學生十分有耐心。相反地,Jenny老師並沒有十分關心她的班級。

 

but / though 但是 (通常置於句中)

[例句]

I know John, but I don’t understand him.

我認識John,但我不太瞭解他。

You will never understand what John is thinking, though.

你永遠不會摸透John在想什麼。

 

On the one hand, …  On the other hand, …一方面,另一方面

[例句]

On the one hand, I'd like a higher-paying job, on the other hand, I enjoy the work I'm doing at the moment.

一方面我想要一份薪水更高的工作,但另一方面我也喜歡現在的工作。

 

Intensification 加強語氣

用途:加強寫作語氣,更加肯定文章中的論述

適當地運用以下連接詞,能使讀者感受到你對於題目的堅定態度。

 

Indeed, / In fact, / As a matter of fact, 的確、事實上

[例句]

Indeed, I do not like math at all.

說實話,我一點也不喜歡數學。

 

certainly 的確

[例句]

You certainly have the qualifications to be the manager of that company.

你的確有資格擔任那間公司的經理。

 

Without a doubt, / Undoubtedly, / of course / Surely, / By all means, 無庸置疑地、當然地

[例句]

Undoubtedly, you should take the responsibility.

毋庸置疑地,你必須負起責任。

 

Cause and effect 因果關係

用法:表示前後內容是有因果關係的論述

 

Therefore, /  Consequently, / Thus, / Hence, / As a result, 因此

[例句]

I did not arrive at the bus stop on time. Consequently, I was late for the class.

我沒有準時抵達巴士站牌。所以我上課遲到了。

 

Accordingly, / According to + N. 根據

[例句]

He was too sick to complete the competition. Accordingly, he was forced to quit the game.

他的身體太不舒服以至於無法完成競賽。因此,他被迫放棄這項比賽。

 

看完這些實用的介紹之後,讀者們對於這些連接詞的用法及用途有沒有更加熟悉了呢?大家可以一起期待一下Part 2的到來喔!

如果還是搞不太清楚正確的使用方法,不要忘記可以與Engoo老師一起討論、練習,相信老師們都十分願意給予大家更多說明與例句的!

 

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