【用英文怎麼說】都跟take有關!學會這些片語輕鬆表達外帶、改衣服、佔空間英文

文/ 張歆悅

take這個單字相信大家都不陌生,不過加上介係詞off, over, to之後,

你還能辨別這些片語的意思和使用方法嗎?

今天要教大家十個常見的take片語,將基本用法一網打盡!

1. take out 

(1) 外帶

 【例句】 

Do you want to eat in or take out? 

你想要內用還是外帶呢?

【補充】eat in 內用

(2) 將(物品)拿出

 【例句】 

Please go back to your seat and take out your textbook. Let’s start the lesson.

請回到你的座位並拿出課本,我們開始上課。  

(3) 暗殺某人

 【例句】 

My boss asked me to take Sofia out. I have no choice.

我的老大叫我殺了Sofia,我別無選擇。

(4) 跟某人約會

 【例句】 

Didn’t you take John out for a dinner last night? How was it?

你昨天晚上不是跟John去約會嗎?結果怎麼樣?

2. take in 

(1) 把衣服改小或是改窄

 【例句】 

This blouse is too big for me. I need to take it in.

這件襯衫對我來說太大件了,我得把它改窄。

(2) 將某人事物帶回家

 【例句】 

I found this dog covered in dirt in a pouring rain, then I took it in out of sympathy.

我在大雨中發現這隻全身髒兮兮的狗,後來出於同情心我就帶它回家了。

(3) 理解或吸收某件事情

 【例句】 

What the speaker said was too complicated to take in within a limited time.

講者所說的話太過複雜以至於無法在一定的時間內理解吸收。

3. take over 

(1) 接管;接替

 【例句】 

The company faces many financial problems and is likely to be taken over by another company.

這間公司面臨許多財政上的困難,很有可能會被其它公司接管。

 【例句】 

Miranda was laid off yesterday, which means someone has to take over her position.

Miranda昨天被開除了,這代表得有人接替他的職務。

4. take up 

(1) 佔空間、時間

 【例句】 

Mom would not agree to buy a new desk because it will take up too much space.

媽媽不會同意買新書桌,因為它太會佔空間了。

(2) 嘗試新事物

 【例句】 

My son has taken up cycling for three months. I am so glad that he starts doing what benefits his health. 

我兒子開始騎單車三個月了,我很高興他開始做對自己健康有益的事。

(3) 和某人討論某事

 【例句】 

Indulging yourself in sad songs won’t help anything. I strongly suggest you to take your problem (up)  with the instructor.

沉浸在悲傷的歌裡面不會對你有任何幫助。我強烈建議你去和老師討論你的問題。

5. take after 

(1) 和某人在個性或行為方面很像

 【例句】 

Sandra takes after her father–they both have a bad temper.

Sandra跟他父親很像–他們脾氣都不好。

6. take back 

(1) 取回;拿回

 【例句】 

Could I take my cell phone back? I have been standing in the corner for two hours.

我可以拿回我的手機了嗎?我已經罰站兩個小時了。

(2) 收回(說出的話;承諾)

 【例句】 

She is very trustworthy. Once she makes a promise she will never take it back.

她非常值得信賴。一旦做了承諾她就不會收回。

(3) 退還(購買物)

 【例句】 

Since you do not like the shirt. I will take it back tomorrow.

既然你不喜歡這件襯衫,我明天就把它拿去退還。

7. take off 

(1) 飛機起飛

 【例句】 

Please fasten your seatbelt. The plane is going to take off.

請繫上你的安全帶,飛機即將起飛。

(2) 事業起飛

 【例句】 

His career just takes off, which means he might not have time to do things other than working.

他的事業才剛起飛,代表他可能沒時間做工作之外的事。 

(3) 脫掉

 【例句】 

It’s not appropriate to take off your shirt in the bus.

在公車上脫衣服不是一件適當的事情。

8. take on 

(1) 處理艱難或棘手的人事物

 【例句】 

If no one wants to handle the task, Amy will take on it. 

如果沒有要處理這個工作,Amy會接手它。

(2) 和某人競爭、對抗

 【例句】 

Most of the people are not willing to express different ideas, because they don't want to take on anyone.

大多數的人不願表達不同意見,因為他們不想和任何人對抗。

9. take down 

(1) 做紀錄;筆記

 【例句】 

A good way to absorb information is to take down some notes. 

吸收資訊的其中一個好方法是做筆記。

(2) 擊垮某人

 【例句】 

You had better think twice before challenging Sam. He had taken ten people down in thirty minutes.

你最好在跟Sam下戰帖前先想清楚。他曾經有過三十分鐘擊垮十個人的紀錄。

10. take to 

(1) 喜歡某人事物

 【例句】 

In order to secure the job, you have to make the interviewers take to you within five minutes.

為了要取得那份工作,你必須要讓面試官在五分鐘之內喜歡上你。

(2) 開始某種習慣

 【例句】 

I have taken to reading books before sleeping recently.

最近我開始習慣在睡前讀書。

這些片語不僅是寫作上使用的到,連口語表達也都能派上用場,

看完文章之後不妨來找Engoo老師聊聊學到的片語吧!

參考資料

YouTube. (2018). Phrasal Verbs with TAKE: "take to", "take in", "take after".... [online] Available at: https://youtu.be/mrXt9yrZryg [Accessed 3 Dec. 2018].