【英文文法】多益必考的分詞構句,這樣理解保證不再搞混!(下)

文/ 尹宜蓁

簡單來說,分詞構句就是副詞子句 或 and子句 的縮寫版

不知道什麼是副詞子句的話,可以先參考這篇:

【英文文法】多益必考的分詞構句,這樣理解保證不再搞混!(上)

為什麼要縮寫呢?

其實它只是一種修辭,為了美化句子而已~

那我們要怎麼縮寫?

Step1找到副詞/and子句,並把連接詞去掉*
(*註:如果去掉連接詞會造成前後語意模糊,則不建議去除)
Step2若副詞/and子句的主詞主要子句的主詞,則去掉副詞/and子句的主詞
若副詞/and子句的主詞主要子句的主詞,則保留副詞/and子句的主詞
Step3若副詞/and子句為主動,把動詞改為Ving (如果改完是being也可省略)
若副詞/and子句為被動,則去掉be動詞

為了幫助理解,小編整理了幾個範例供大家參考:

【範例1 – and子句(主動)】

He went to a convenience store, and he bought a bottle of water.

他去便利商店,並買了一瓶水。

Step 1. 找到and子句,並把連接詞去掉

=> He went to a convenient store, and he bought a bottle of water.

Step 2. and子句和主要子句的主詞皆為he,則可去掉and子句中的he

=> He went to a convenient store, and he bought a bottle of water.

Step 3. and子句為主動,把動詞改為Ving

=> He went to a convenience store, buying a bottle of water.

【範例2 – 副詞子句(主動)】

Because I overslept this morning, I was late for school.

因為今天早上我睡過頭,上學就遲到了。

Step 1. 找到副詞子句,並把連接詞去掉

=> Because I overslept this morning, I was late for school.

Step 2. 副詞子句和主要子句的主詞皆為I,則可去掉副詞子句中的I

=> Because I overslept this morning, I was late for school.

Step 3. 副詞子句為主動,把動詞改為Ving

=> Oversleeping this morning, I was late for school.

【範例3 – 副詞子句(主動)】

When he was taking a bath, he came up with a good idea.

當他在洗澡的時候,他想到了一個好點子。

Step 1. 找到副詞子句,並把連接詞去掉

=> When he was taking a bath, he came up with a good idea.

Step 2. 副詞子句和主要子句的主詞皆為he,則可去掉副詞子句中的he

=> When he was taking a bath, he came up with a good idea.

Step 3. 副詞子句為主動,把動詞改為Ving

=> Being taking a bath, he came up with a good idea.

動詞改為Ving後是being,being可省略

=> Taking a bath, he came up with a good idea.

【範例4 – 副詞子句(被動)】

After she was seated by the window, she started to read the menu.

被帶位到窗戶旁邊的位置後,她開始看菜單。

Step 1. 若將連接詞after去掉,兩動作的前後關係不清楚,因此保留after

Step 2. 副詞子句和主要子句的主詞皆為she,則可去掉副詞子句中的she

=> After she was seated by the window, she started to read the menu.

Step 3. 副詞子句為被動,去掉be動詞

=> After seated by the window, she started to read the menu.

【範例5 – 獨立分詞構句】

As the pandemic broke out, the streets became empty.

疫情一爆發,街道上變得空曠。

Step 1. 找到副詞子句,並把連接詞去掉

=> As the pandemic broke out, the streets became empty.

Step 2. 副詞子句的主詞是the pandemic,

主要子句的主詞是the street,兩者不一樣,所以都要保留

Step 3. 副詞子句為主動,把動詞改為Ving

=> The pandemic breaking out, the streets became empty.

分詞構句要判斷的眉眉角角比較多,

不過它的大原則就是「在語意清楚的情況下刪減文字」。

雖然分詞構句用於寫作時,能精簡語句又增添亮點,

但一篇文章出現一到兩次就好,

不然一樣的梗玩太多次,就有失增添亮點的效果囉~

最後,恭喜各位正式成為分詞構句大師!